Quick Study Guide
Managerial vs Financial

Managerial Accounting - provides information to managers inside the organization.
     Financial Accounting – provides information outside the organization, to investors
     and creditors.       
Managerial accountants do:
       1. Determine the cost of a service or product
       2. Assist with profit planning and budgeting
       3. Determining costs behavior and how profits will change with sales changes
       4. Compare actual costs to budgeted costs
       5. Provide cost and sales information to management to use to make decisions      
No required formats for reporting – provide what gives the most useful information.
Management Functions:
       Planning: identify objectives, prepare budgets – related to future operations
       Directing/Motivating: Oversee day to day activities, make daily decisions
       Controlling: compare actual to budget, determine if objectives are accomplished and
       implement changes needed to meet goals.
       Decision Making: Management using all information available to make a decision.
       Reports are provided outside the organization – external reports, follow GAAP 
       Reports past activities – based on a historical perspective, reliability is emphasized 
       Focus on precise information since information is used outside the company	       
       Summarized data for entire company as a whole 
       Does not follow GAAP and there are no reporting regulations. Reports are internal. 
       Provides information to make decisions regarding the future, relevance over reliability
       Focuses on timeliness of information
       Reporting - parts of the organization - departments or divisions, not the whole company

       The Institute of Management Accountants:
Provides information on analysis and formats that have proven to be useful
over time. Sponsors the (CMA). Developed the Standards for Ethical Conduct:
       Competence – keep skills at a level to do a good job
       Confidentiality – don’t tell those who are not authorized to know
       Integrity – avoid conficts of interest, don’t be biased
       Objectivity – disclose all relevant information, favorable and unfavorable      
Resolving an ethical delimma:
       1st – follow the established procedures within your organization
       2nd – present problems to the next higher management level